By now, you should already know that orthodontics is a branch of dentistry that focuses on the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of malocclusions or bad bites as well as other jaw and face irregularities. An orthodontist is trained not only to fix these problems but also to aid in the restoration of the patient’s health, functionality, and aesthetics of the patient’s smile. Even though orthodontics originally helped children, a growing number of adults are starting to obtain their services. These experts can treat individuals of all ages.
An improper bite can affect people at any age. The condition can affect a person’s speech, facial asymmetry, and chewing ability. Severe malocclusion could contribute to different physical and dental conditions such as TMJ, digestive difficulties, severe tooth decay, and even periodontal disease. Regardless of the condition, it is important to get the services of a professional orthodontist so it could be fixed immediately and avoid expensive procedures in the future.
Orthodontic Appliances Used
An orthodontist uses techniques that would help realign the teeth and provide a beautiful smile. He can use various treatments like panoramic x-rays, bite impressions, and a visual examination. When treating the most severe condition of misalignment, fixed dental braces are the most common method used. These braces use brackets that are made of either metal or ceramic. They are placed on each tooth and are connected to one another through an archwire. The latter is also used to gradually move the teeth into their proper position throughout the entire duration of the treatment.
Headgears, retainers, Invisalign aligners, palate expanders, and tooth movers are some of the most common removable appliances used by an orthodontist. A headgear has metal wire device that is connected to the customized braces while the Invisalign aligners are barely noticeable to the human eye. Faceguards may also be used to fix developmental delays in the lower and upper jaw while the palate expanders are used to deal with overcrowding. Whatever your dental irregularity is and your age, orthodontic appliances can effectively realign your teeth so you could enjoy that beautiful smile.
An orthodontist can treat a wide array of dental problems and use methods that encourage proper teeth alignment. He may prefer to work alone or together with a maxillofacial surgeon. Here are a few of the irregularities that would require their expertise.
Overcrowding is one of the orthodontic problems that are addressed. A patient with an overcrowded mouth implies that there is not enough space within the jaw for all the teeth to fit. It could lead to displaced teeth or one that is rotated or completely misaligned. Another condition that is commonly treated is an overbite. It is the protrusion of the upper jaw relative to the lower jaw. This condition gives a patient’s smile a “toothy” appearance and makes the chin look receded. The last type of irregularity that is treated by an orthodontist is the underbite. Also referred to as a negative under jet, it is characterized by a protrusion of the lower jaw in relation to the upper jaw. In this condition, the patient’s chin looks overly prominent. There are a lot of factors that could have led to an underbite or overbite. But, studies showed that they are commonly due to genetic factors and developmental delays.